sexta-feira, 12 de maio de 2017

EXAMES

"Os exames assustam até os que estão optimamente preparados, porque o arqui-imbecil é capaz de perguntar mais do que o que o mais sábio dos homens pode responder."

Charles Caleb Colton. (1780-1832)

sábado, 15 de abril de 2017

Moinhos de Água
 na Ribeira dos Caldeirões
Nordeste - Açores

Esta foi uma das louváveis iniciativas da Câmara do Nordeste no sentido de preservar a memória da vida de muitas gerações que desfilaram por aquele concelho. Desta forma usou recursos que o Concelho não tinha, mas que circunstancialmente apareceram, para adaptar à vida de então estruturas cujas funções estavam extintas. Estas estruturas podiam estar moribundas ou mortas mas eram (e são) uma das muitas imagens da vida possivel em determinados locais e momentos. O mundo já foi outras coisas que não uma máquina comandada por um smartfone. E pode voltar a sê-lo se as circunstancias o impuserem.
Não analisamos custos de realização ou manutenção desta iniciativa e estruturas. No contexto das administrações autárquicas Lusas dos últimos 20 anos o melhor é ignorar esse "detalhe". E ignorando-o, o que está à vistam em um bom trabalho, que poucos municipais desempenharam tão bem.
Pena é que nenhum destes moinhos tenha ainda a máquina motora, e que se não tenham aproveitado os bons causais e desnível para gerar electricidade sem comprometer a grafia do local e das estruturas que se pretendem mostrar.

  Este espaço é visitado por quem pouco ou nada deixa no Nordeste. Assim o custo (deficit) da sua manutenção deveria recair nos órgãos públicos ou empresas que directa ou indirectamente beneficiam com estes visitantes (na maior parte dos casos os turistas). Um espaço destes tem impacto ao nível Ilha (animação turística) mas um peso difícil de suportar por um Município endividado e com apenas  5000 almas a quem cobrar impostos.







 


 



domingo, 9 de abril de 2017

Moinhos de Água da Feira
Algures no Extremo Nordeste.


- É frequente encontrarmos da parte dos Municípios duvidosas aplicações de recursos. Mas nem sempre tal acontece; existem excepções - e esta é uma delas. A Câmara do Nordeste que terminou mandato em 2013 adquiriu estes moinhos e terrenos adjacentes, recuperou-os e adaptou-os a Turismo Local. A Câmara que se lhe seguiu manteve o espaço em primorosas condições.
Este parece-nos ter sido um bom exemplo de preservação da memória local adaptando as antigas estruturas à vida moderna.


Ignorarmos o valor do investimento inicial e a relação das receitas com os custos de manutenção - mas, se não existiram nem existem "exageros", este parece ser um exemplo que podia ser seguido por outros municípios.
Pena foi nada ter ficado da "máquina" (Penado, Seteira e acessórios) embora se saiba que as partes móveis têm maiores exigências de manutenção.










 
















sábado, 18 de março de 2017

Gustave Le Bon
e a irracionalidade das multidões


The masses have never thirsted after truth. Whoever can supply them with illusions is easily their master; whoever attempts to destroy their illusions is always their victim.
Gustave Le Bon

 A crowd thinks in images, and the image itself calls up a series of other images, having no logical connection with the first...A crowd scarcely distinguishes between the subjective and the objective. It accepts as real the images invoked in its mind, though they most often have only a very distant relation with the observed facts....Crowds being only capable of thinking in images are only to be impressed by images.
Gustave Le Bon

 We see, then, that the disappearance of the conscious personality, the predominance of the unconscious personality, the turning by means of suggestion and contagion of feelings and ideas in an identical direction, the tendency to immediately transform the suggested ideas into acts; these, we see, are the principal characteristics of the individual forming part of a crowd. He is no longer himself, but has become an automaton who has ceased to be guided by his will.
Gustave Le Bon

 All the civilizations we know have been created and directed by small intellectual aristocracies, never by people in the mass. The power of crowds is only to destroy.
Gustave Le Bon

 The role of the scholar is to destroy chimeras, that of the statesman is to make use of them.
Gustave Le Bon

 A crowd is not merely impulsive and mobile. Like a savage, it is not prepared to admit that anything can come between its desire and the realisation of its desire.
Gustave Le Bon

 One of the most constant characteristics of beliefs is their intolerance. The stronger the belief, the greater its intolerance. Men dominated by a certitude cannot tolerate those who do not accept it.
Gustave Le Bon

 The beginning of a revolution is in reality the end of a belief.
Gustave Le Bon

 The influence of the leaders is due in very small measure to the arguments they employ, but in a large degree to their prestige. The best proof of this is that, should they by any circumstance lose their prestige, their influence disappears.
Gustave Le Bon

 Crowds are influenced mainly by images produced by the judicious employment of words and formulas
Gustave Le Bon

 The art of those who govern consists above all in the science of employing words.
Gustave Le Bon

 The precise moment at which a great belief is doomed is easily recognizable; it is the moment when its value begins to be called into question.
Gustave Le Bon

 The greater part of our daily actions are the result of hidden motives which escape our observation.
Gustave Le Bon

 At the bidding of a Peter the Hermit millions of men hurled themselves against the East; the words of an hallucinated enthusiast such as Mahomet created a force capable of triumphing over the Graeco-Roman world; an obscure monk like Luther bathed Europe in blood. The voice of a Galileo or a Newton will never have the least echo among the masses. The inventors of genius hasten the march of civilization. The fanatics and the hallucinated create history.
Gustave Le Bon

 Crowds are somewhat like the sphinx of ancient fable: It is necessary to arrive at a solution of the problems offered by their psychology or to resign ourselves to being devoured by them.
Gustave Le Bon

 The images evoked by words being independent of their sense, they vary from age to age and from people to people, the formulas remaining identical. Certain transitory images are attached to certain words: the word is merely as it were the button of an electric bell that calls them up.
Gustave Le Bon

"The type of hero dear to a crowd will always have the semblance of a Caesar. His insignia attracts them, his authority overawes them, and his sword instills them with fear."
Gustave Le Bon

terça-feira, 14 de março de 2017

You bet II

 


Sortido de Thomas Sowell





You bet!






Civilized Savages


 “Each new generation born is in effect an invasion of civilization by little barbarians, who must be civilized before it is too late.”
Thomas Sowell,


"One of the most dangerous errors instilled into us by nineteenth-century progressive optimism is the idea that civilization is automatically bound to increase and spread. The lesson of history is the opposite; civilization is a rarity, attained with difficulty and easily lost. The normal state of humanity is barbarism, just as the normal surface of our planet is salt water. Land looms large in our imagination of the planet and civilization in our history books, only because sea and savagery are, to us, less interesting.

And if you press to know what I mean by civilization, I reply “Humanity,” by which I do not mean kindness so much as the realization of the human idea. Human life means to me the life of beings for whom the leisured activities of thought, art, literature, conversation are the end, and the preservation and propagation of life merely the means. That is why education seems to me so important: it actualizes that potentiality for leisure, if you like for amateurishness, which is man’s prerogative.

You have noticed, I hope, that man is the only amateur animal; all the others are professionals. They have no leisure and do not desire it. When the cow has finished eating she chews the cud; when she has finished chewing she sleeps; when she has finished sleeping she eats again. She is a machine for turning grass into calves and milk—in other words, for producing more cows. The lion cannot stop hunting, nor the beaver building dams, nor the bee making honey. When God made the beasts dumb He saved the world from infinite boredom, for if they could speak they would all of them, all day, talk nothing but shop."

C.S. Lewis - “Our English Syllabus”.